Actually obesity is not a serious disease which affects only Indians who are fond of eating and drinking, but today it has become a big problem for the whole world. One in four adults and one in five children in the UK are obese. In India, more than five percent of the total population is obese, and when it comes to medical science, this rate is equal to the number of patients suffering from an epidemic.
signs of obesity
According to health scientists and experts, to identify obesity, a person’s body weight has to be divided by the square of his height and the number obtained is called BMI i.e. ‘Body Mass Index’. It is only from this BMI that a person can be identified as being obese or not. For example, if a person weighs 72.57 kg and is 1.78 m tall, dividing the weight by the square of the height gives a BMI of 22.90. According to experts, a score between 18.5 to 24.9 means that the person is at a healthy weight, but if the score falls between 25 to 29.9, it means that the person is slightly overweight. Obesity is declared when this number is 30 to 39. It goes up to 9 and a score above 40 means obesity has crossed its dangerous threshold. It is also believed that a waist circumference greater than 94 cm or 37 inches in men and greater than 80 cm or 31.5 inches in women is a sign of obesity and obesity-related diseases.
Talking about the causes of obesity, it is known that eating more than necessary due to the taste of the tongue.
Drinking alcohol, doing physical exercise, walking or reducing movement etc. are the main reasons for this.
Due to the accumulation of excess fat and sugar in the body, a person becomes a victim of obesity. Apart from this, hereditary factors i.e. obesity passing from generation to generation, environment of the concerned person, suffering from a particular disease and frequent consumption of certain medicines, high stress and lack of sleep etc. also contribute a lot in causing obesity. Thyroid, various types of cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. also cause obesity in some people, while some diabetes, epilepsy and some other diseases take a long time to cure. Obesity also increases due to side effects of medicines.
Some people have also experienced obesity as a side effect after quitting smoking. Health experts consider obesity to be the root cause of many diseases.
According to the ‘National Family Health Survey’ conducted in 2015, 18.9 percent of men and 20.7 percent of women in India were in the grip of obesity. Overall, at that time every fifth person in India was in the grip of obesity. After this, in another survey, it was found that compared to the year 2015-16, obesity among Indians has increased in 2019-21 and now instead of one in five, every fourth person has become a victim of obesity. It was also found that 6.4 per cent females and 4 per cent males in the age group of 15 to 49 years were obese. What’s more, 17.6 percent of women and 18.9 percent of men were below the obesity threshold, but within the overweight threshold, me.ng these people were likely to become obese soon. In urban areas, 18 percent of men and 13 percent of women were thin. While in rural areas, 30 per cent women and 19 per cent men were obese. According to a report by the World Health Org.sation, worldwide obesity has tripled from 1975 to 2016.
Stay away from market and fast food
The need to use several methods to get rid of obesity has been suggested by health experts. The first thing is that instead of taking market or packaged food, one should take balanced and nutritious food, which is low in calories. Food should always be eaten slowly and chewed well. Breakfast should be good, lunch should be moderate and dinner should be light and small. In Ayurvedic method, having dinner before sunset is considered a boon for health.
You should drink eight to ten glasses of water daily. Along with this, physical activity exercises, household activities, walking or yoga asanas etc. should be done. Apart from daily walking and exercise, one should also participate in sports like swimming, jogging, cycling and tennis.
To get rid of stress etc., one should also take the support of yoga and meditation i.e. meditation etc. The quantity of wheat or rice in the food should be reduced a little and salad, seasonal fruits, vegetables, low fat milk etc. should be used more.
have trouble breathing
Health experts say that while obesity is a disease in itself, it is also the root of many minor diseases. Some people experience shortness of breath, asthma, fatigue and joint pain due to obesity and find it difficult to perform physical activities. Things like lack of self-confidence, stress in family relationships and depression are also found in some people due to obesity. Apart from this, an obese person is more likely to suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, some types of cancer, insomnia, liver and kidney diseases, and childbirth problems. The main thing is to try to avoid obesity and many other diseases and problems related to it by controlling your diet and lifestyle.