Global warming is setting new records every day. With the onset of El Niño in July, rising temperatures have started showing their effects. According to reports, July 4, 2023 was the hottest day on record. While the global average temperature reached 17.18 degree Celsius. This process of rising temperature continued on 5 July 2023 as well. Earlier on July 3, 2023, the average temperature was recorded at 17.01 degree Celsius. This means that in the first week of July 2023 itself, the global average temperature has been above 17°C for three consecutive days.
An El Niño event was recorded in 2016.
According to scientists, El Nino and increasing emissions are responsible for this increasing heat. The hottest day on record was recorded in August 2016 earlier this week. At that time the global average temperature had reached 16.92 degree Celsius. El Nino phenomenon was also recorded in the year 2016.
Events like heat and drought will increase
The World Meteorological Org.zation has announced the onset of El Nino phenomenon in the equatorial Pacific Ocean from July 4, 2023. In this scenario, along with an increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere and ocean globally, events such as heatwaves and droughts will increase. Chief scientist Robert Rohde said on Twitter that the next six weeks will see slightly warmer days. El Niño is the warm phase of the Southern Oscillation event, during which sea surface temperatures in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, known as Niño 3.4, become 0.5 °C or more warmer than average.
Climate change is a major threat
The recently released ‘Global Risks Report’ of the World Economic Forum has recognized that climate change is the biggest threat to the world. About 360 million people in the world live in areas that are highly vulnerable to climate change.
The situation may worsen in future
America’s National Oce.c and Atmospheric Administration has expressed apprehension that there is a 90 percent chance of El Nino coming between June, July and August this year. An increase in global temperature is usually recorded within a year of the formation of an El Niño. Daily rise in temperature as well as change in rainfall pattern and loss of ice at the poles clearly indicate that the earth is warming rapidly. In such a situation, if the increasing emissions are not stopped, then the situation may worsen in the future.