Rainy season is a season of excitement and pleasant atmosphere but it also comes with some dangers. The arrival of monsoon also causes many health problems.
Like seasonal flu, water-borne infections increase during the rainy season. Fungal infections, monsoon allergies, water borne diseases are the many things that we need to be aware of.
While dengue and malaria are common diseases at this time, the number of people suffering from rat fever is on the rise again in Kerala this year.
Rat fever, or leptospirosis, is a rare bacterial infection originating from .mals. It is usually spread from rodents, farm .mals or dogs through their feces. Although the disease is not life-threatening, it can cause a number of unpleasant side effects.
In our neighboring state of Kerala, the number of people suffering from rat fever is continuously increasing. So far this year, about 50,000 people have fallen prey to the disease.
Symptoms of Rat Fever
While some common symptoms of rat flu are widely known, some people may not have any symptoms at all. According to the CDC, if not treated in time, leptospirosis can lead to kidney damage, meningitis, liver failure, respiratory failure, and even death in some rare cases. The common symptoms of rat fever are,
- nausea and vomiting
- stomach ache
- high fever
- red eyes
How long does rat flu last?
Fever can last from a few days to about 2 weeks after exposure to an infected area. Reports suggest that several people are being admitted to hospitals across the state of Kerala due to various fevers including dengue and rat fever and bacterial infection is also spreading.
The state health department has advised people not to self-medicate and consult a doctor.
How to avoid waterborne diseases?
Avoid tap water: Tap water is abundant in public places. Avoid using tap water to reduce the risk of waterborne illness.
Hand Hygiene: It is important to maintain consistent hand hygiene. Always wash your hands before eating, after coming home from outside, after using the toilet etc. Vegetables and fruits must be washed before eating.
Keep the environment clean:
To avoid the breeding ground of mosquitoes, eliminate the possibility of water accumulation and keep the surroundings clean.
Avoid going near standing water as it can be a health hazard. Always wash your feet thoroughly after going out in the rainy season and after returning.